Cixi died, the eunuch into her mouth a pearl, the whereabouts of the pearl?

2022-05-04 0 By

In Chinese history, there are two women have to mention, one is from the Tang Dynasty to the Wu Zhou Period Wu Zetian, is China’s ancient only one orthodox position of the female emperor, with a woman’s body to rule the world;The other was the empress Dowager Cixi of the late Qing Dynasty, who was indistinguishable as an emperor, though she did not ascend the throne.Compared with wu zetian, the controversy about the dowager great, she always put down power in place, in terms of personal life, empress dowager cixi end luxury, it is said that after the death of cixi, a eunuch put a high value of water in her mouth, and to protect her body immortality, then empress dowager cixi tomb stolen, pearl whereabouts?During her reign, Cixi in her later years was hated by later generations for signing many humiliating treaties with foreign powers. She also appeared in TV dramas as corrupt and afraid of foreign powers, which is the same as most people know. But is this really the case?Today, I give you a chat about cixi, the actual ruler of the late Qing Dynasty, perhaps beyond your expectations.Born in 1835, Cixi entered the palace at the age of 17 and was given the title “Lord LAN”. After the death of Emperor Xianfeng, Cixi and Empress Xiao Zhenxian became consort and began to control power.Cixi experienced many modern wars in her life. During the first Opium War, Cixi was only a five-year-old child, and by the second Opium War, she had been made concubine xianfeng.Xianfeng emperor from childhood weak, the Qing Dynasty at that time domestic troubles and foreign invasion, the foreign powers eyed, internal uprising, let Xianfeng emperor deeply heart haggard, he often feel powerless to deal with government affairs.Because cixi’s calligraphy was exquisite, Emperor Xianfeng asked her to assist in reviewing the memorials and even allowed her to express her own opinions. This gave Cixi the idea of political affairs, which was related to her later lust for power.In 1860, the British and French allied forces to the city of Beijing, Xianfeng emperor was afraid to flee to Rehe refuge, Cixi tried to retain the emperor, hoping that the emperor can continue to stay in charge of the overall situation, resistance to the allied forces, for which she was almost executed by Xianfeng Emperor.After the Qing army signed the Treaty of Beijing with the British and French allied forces, Cixi felt deeply humiliated and tried to persuade Emperor Xianfeng to scrap the treaty and continue the war, but finally gave up because Xianfeng was seriously ill.Surprising, isn’t it?The young Cixi actually had such a strong side, which was very inconsistent with her image of humiliation and reconciliation in the face of the foreign powers.After the death of Emperor Xianfeng, Cixi ascended the throne with Emperor Zhi, and the power of the Qing Dynasty gradually fell into the hands of Cixi. She cooperated with Prince Gong, who advocated reform, to launch the “Xinyou coup” and arrest the eight ministers who answered your orders. Yi Was appointed “King of state affairs”.After the death of Emperor Tongzhi, Cixi supported Emperor Guangxu to ascend to the throne. Cixi became more and more influential, and became more and more persistent in power. Later, she dismissed a group of military ministers headed by Prince Gong, and assumed the power of the qing Dynasty alone.When Cixi died, if you count the young Puyi, she had four emperors in her life, but when she was in power, these emperors had little power, and she never let go of power.Prince Gong: What about Cixi’s achievements?Is it really like folk, film and television drama spread as stupid and incompetent, fear of foreign powers?In fact, Cixi’s achievements in political affairs cannot be denied simply because she was afraid of foreign powers in her later years.Cixi was good at employing people. Although she was a Manchu, she did not stick to the differences between Manchu and Han.Under her, there were zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang, Zuo Zongtang and other capable people, who were all famous in history. Yuan Shikai was also under her, who could be followed by many capable people. Cixi’s knowledge of people can be seen.Li Hongzhang not only that, for the political policy, Cixi is also quite experienced, when xianfeng emperor asked her to assist in dealing with government affairs, she has formulated a rather farsighted political and ideological line, for the later “tongzhi zhongxing” laid the foundation.At the end of the Qing Dynasty, in the face of the threat of foreign powers, the pro-war faction and the pro-Peace faction in the court had been fighting endlessly.At first, Cixi was on the war-footing.To this end, she used the westernization faction, which was the main force of the war, to start the Westernization movement with the purpose of “self-improvement” and “seeking wealth”, to support the development of the domestic military industry, and to train the army and navy to consolidate power.During this period, China learned western industrialization for the first time, introduced a large number of western scientific and technological works, and cultivated many government students.Objectively speaking, these measures have promoted China’s modernization development to a certain extent.Unfortunately, although the Westernization Movement improved the comprehensive national strength of the Qing Dynasty, it was still unable to withstand the heavy artillery attacks of the foreign powers. In the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, the beiyang Fleet was completely destroyed, declaring the Westernization Movement bankrupt.In addition to the Westernization movement, Cixi also took other measures to save the ailing Qing Dynasty.She carried out the New Deal, the military, business, school, official law and other aspects of reform.In 1901, Cixi abolished the imperial examination and replaced it with the establishment of schools to train talents. She ordered the old army to be reduced and the new army to be trained in the whole country to support the development of industry and commerce. Many industrial groups emerged in modern China, which was related to cixi’s reform.In addition, Cixi was also able to detect changes in the current situation. When there was a call for the government to learn from the Western constitutional monarchy to save the country, Cixi was keenly aware that the current situation had changed and the past system would eventually be eliminated, so she introduced the constitutional monarchy for the first time in accordance with the domestic call.After the invasion of Foreign powers, opium was sold in China, which was eating away at the Chinese people’s body and mind. Cixi ordered the prohibition of opium, and only with her support did Lin Zexu achieve the feat of “humen tobacco eradication”.As a woman, Cixi took pity on those women who were persecuted by the feudal system. She founded girls’ schools and abolished foot-binding, making great contributions to the liberation of women.But in the previous court, there was no national anthem, national flag, national emblem, national flower and other concepts, and later also because of cixi’s recognition.Cixi’s achievements seem good, right?Actually, that’s not true either.Because no matter what Cixi did, her heart was for power, the country and the people were only second, this is her personal limitations.Persecuted by foot-binding women like her westernization movement, the westernization movement on the one hand, she want to help her solve the power crisis, on the one hand, and worried that westernization movement and hawk too seemed to affect her position, so after ticked up at the beginning of the westernization movement, and she began again, in order to achieve the hawk and the main and between the checks and balances, no wonder the westernization sports meet failure.As for the constitutional monarchy, in fact, because the domestic voices were too high, Cixi feared that it would lead to internal unrest, she could not go against the public opinion before agreeing to implement it.As for the development of industry and commerce and the training of the armed forces, their ostensible purpose was to resist the great powers, but their fundamental purpose was to consolidate their own power.Later, when the Westernization Movement was bankrupt and Cixi felt that a series of developments could not resist the foreign powers, her attitude changed, from the main war to the main peace, she signed many humiliating treaties, and the extremely luxurious life after she was in power, it is no wonder that her successors hated her so much.How lavish was Cixi’s personal life?You can’t imagine.Cixi, who lived a luxurious life and loved ostentatious power, led a lavish personal life, which, to use a popular phrase now, was “devoid of humanity”.From the maids of honor who served cixi in those days, the rest of us get a glimpse of her daily life.Cixi liked to “eat”, not how greedy she was, but about “eat”.It is said that Cixi’s breakfast is very rich, like eating porridge breakfast, and a wide range of categories, such as eight-treasure lotus seed porridge, rice porridge, chicken porridge and so on everything.In addition to congee, her breakfast also with other dishes, such as all kinds of baked cakes, bean curd and other stewed products, just with more than 20 kinds of dishes, just to eat a breakfast, Cixi’s table has to place dozens of food, a look at the past feast for the eyes.Some may wonder how Cixi could eat?Of course she could not eat, so she took a small taste of each and several more, and what she cared about was the abundance and the ostentation of the food.In addition to food, Cixi also had a lot to do with her toiletries, which were carefully selected and made with high craftsmanship.It is said that Cixi was fond of roses, and in order to please her, the people below prepared hundreds of pounds of roses for her, but only less than ten pounds of roses were selected as “qualified products” for Cixi, and all the others were eliminated.Living in the late Qing Dynasty, Cixi’s personal life was “fashionable”, even ahead of its time.At that time, western powers invaded China, which also led to some exchanges between China and the West, especially after the Westernization Movement, it is said that many officials in order to curry favor with Cixi, among the gifts given to Cixi were many modern crafts.In cixi’s bedroom, cameras, wagons, phonographs and other items can be found. It is said that Cixi once collected one of the earliest cabinet phonographs in the world, which she loved so much that she often danced to the waltz of the phonograph.Even the Queen said: “Cixi is better than me. She has great skill and fashion.”On cixi’s 60th birthday, she planned to hold a grand banquet, for which she ordered the renovation of the Summer Palace and the decoration of many scenic spots. Due to lack of funds, Cixi even diverted military funds from the navy.This was during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, when the cost of military expenditure was so important that some feared it would affect the outcome of the war. As a result, Cixi insisted on going ahead with her own plan. Later, when the Qing army was losing, Cixi had no choice but to shorten the size of the birthday party.At that time, China was under great pressure and the situation was extremely tense. The Beiyang Fleet was completely destroyed at sea, and Jinzhou and Dalian were captured one after another. However, cixi still spent her sixtieth birthday in the joy and laughter of the palace.It can be seen that in cixi’s heart, her enjoyment of life is far higher than the country and the people, for power is incomparably greedy.Although Cixi and her palace maid cixi did a lot of measures beneficial to the modernization of China, most of these measures were for maintaining the rule. Cixi’s thoughts were still feudal and she could not understand the true meaning of reform thoughts.It is no wonder that the Westernization Movement and other changes of the Qing Dynasty were not perfect, because the rulers were always living in the old society, how could they lead the arrival of the new era?Where do pearls fall after death?Since cixi felt that there was no hope for reform, she became weaker and weaker in the face of the foreign powers. She used various means of peace and reparations to get the chance for the qing government to survive.In this way, cixi unknowingly came to the age of 73, the old habit, as always to make ostentatious, big birthday party.So the palace lively, countless jewelry calligraphy and painting transported into the palace to cixi when the birthday ceremony, officials have attended, a total of thousands of people rushed to prepare for the birthday banquet.At cixi’s birthday banquet, where the palace cooks cooked more than a hundred delicacies, Cixi’s appetite was so great that she went sightseeing by the lake and accidentally caught a cold, which was a problem for her old age.After the doctor diagnosed, Cixi suffered from dysentery, typhoid medicine to no avail, later someone gave a folk prescription, said to drink the royal eight soup can prolong life, might as well try.Cixi was so greedy for power and a luxurious life that she was reluctant to give it up. She used baal soup every day to nourish her body. As a result, she really survived by hanging her breath, but only by keeping her breath, she was still sick in bed all day long.When Cixi died of illness on November 15, 1908, she left a message to her trusted eunuch, Li Lianying, who put a pearl into her mouth.As to why Cixi made this arrangement, historical books do not record.According to cixi’s extravagant life, cixi could not bear to be turned into a pile of bones after her death. It is said that the pearl can preserve the body immortality, and at least one pearl in her mouth can make her look elegant and elegant forever.What happened to the bead?After cixi’s death, China was at war and divided by warlords.In 1928, during the Northern expedition of the National Revolutionary Army, Sun Dianying went to the Dongling area to suppress bandits, and the Dongling is cixi’s burial place.Sun Dianying to the Dongling, see the magnificent Dongling palace, can not help but greed, coupled with the bandits fund shortage, in order to raise money to recruit, he had the intention of robbing the tomb.So Sun Dianying ordered people to blow up the Dongling, with people into it.He recalled that the tomb contained numerous treasures, including pottery, jewelry, paintings and calligraphy, and that the pearl that Cixi held in her mouth after her death also fell into his hands.Later tomb raiding was exposed, Sun Dianying was strongly condemned by many people, the Status of the Qing dynasty royal family is not as good as before, but the influence is still in, Pu Yi had threatened to Sun Dianying to pay the price.The Sun Dianying that made public anger knows oneself hurriedly searches for vitality, he looked for jiang Jieshi finally, the treasure that Sun Dianying gets with grave robbery serves as a gift, success takes concern with Jiang Jieshi and a few kuomintang important officials, win to live life space to oneself.And the pearl cixi mouth, Sun Dianying in curry favor with Chiang Kai-shek, the pearl will be given to Chiang kai-shek’s wife, that is, Song Meiling, song Meiling will use this pearl as shoe decoration, later disappeared.But legend has it that during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, Ms. Soong went to the United States to get enough supplies for the Kuomintang.Soong mei-ling met Rockefeller, an oil tycoon, at a dance. In order to raise supplies, Soong mei-ling sold the pearl to Rockefeller, who in turn donated money to help the Kuomintang.Up to now, the pearl from cixi’s mouth is still stored in Rockefeller’s family museum.The veracity of this claim is debatable and fyi.Conclusion Cixi herself made some contributions in politics, but her thoughts remained in the old society, and she was corrupt in her personal life. It was absurd to expect her body to be spared after her death.The pearl is now a cultural relic, of great significance to historical research, and its value has risen to 800 million yuan, a testament to the luxurious life of Cixi in her later years.Unfortunately, Korea has not been able to retrieve them from foreigners.In fact, after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, many cultural relics have been recovered by Our country through various twists and turns. With the increasing international influence of China, what belongs to us will eventually be taken back!